5.15.3. Assembly of the engine

It will be required to you: a dynamometer key, the hammer (it is desirable with brisk of soft metal or polyurethane), the device for installation of pistons in cylinders, the same keys, as for dismantling of the engine, the screw-driver, an assembly shovel.
1. Clear a deposit at the edges of beds of the block of cylinders. Clear of deposits oil flutes in beds.
2. Establish inserts of radical bearings in a bed of the block of cylinders according to the tags made when dismantling. At installation of inserts their lock short moustaches have to enter grooves of beds.
3. Oil inserts engine.

Prevention
After installation of inserts in a bed their ends come out a little therefore for the correct orientation of inserts at a final inhaling of bolts of fastening of covers of bearings track that the vystupaniye of both ends was identical.

4. Install a bent shaft in the block of cylinders.
5. Grease persistent half rings with engine oil. Pay attention to flutes of half rings: have to be established by these parties of a half ring to cheeks of a bent shaft.
6. Establish a steel-aluminum half ring (white color) from the forward party of an average bed (from the camshaft drive)...
7.... ceramic-metal (yellow color) – on the other side of a bed.
8. Turn half rings so that their ends were aflush with bed end faces.
9. Insert inserts into covers of radical bearings according to the tags made when dismantling. At the same time lock short moustaches of inserts have to enter grooves of covers.
10. Oil inserts engine.
11. Establish covers according to tags. On covers tags (notch) according to number of the cylinder are put. The exception is made by the fifth cover on which two tags, as well as are applied on the second. On the second cover there are two carving openings 1 under bolts of fastening of an oil receiver. At the same time numbers of cylinders read out from the party of the drive of the camshaft, and covers establish by tags 2 to the opposite side from the union of an oil filter 3.

Prevention
For installation of covers of radical bearings of a bent shaft use the hammer with soft brisk, made of brass, lead or polyurethane. It is forbidden to establish covers by an inhaling of fasteners as at the same time landing surfaces of covers and the block of cylinders will be damaged.

12. Oil engine a carving and end faces of heads of bolts of fastening of covers.
13. Wrap bolts and tighten them the required moment (see the appendix 1) in the following order: the first tighten bolts of the third cover, then the second and fourth, then the first and fifth. After an inhaling of bolts turn a bent shaft on 2–3 turns — it has to rotate easily, without jammings.
14. For convenience of installation grease with a thin layer of jellied lubricant laying of the oil pump and "paste" it to the block. Remove surplus of lubricant.
15. Install the oil pump and wrap bolts of its fastening (see. "Removal and installation of the oil pump").
16. For convenience of installation grease with a thin layer of jellied lubricant laying of the holder of a back epiploon and "paste" it to the block. Remove surplus of lubricant.
17. Establish the holder of a back epiploon and wrap bolts of its fastening.
18. Insert a rod into the piston according to earlier made tags so that number the uterus on a rod was turned towards a forward part of the piston (the arrow which is beaten out from above on the piston bottom is sent to this party).
19. Oil a piston finger engine and implant a finger into the piston and a rod.
20. Establish lock rings on both sides of a finger. At the same time pay attention that rings have to be accurately established in piston flutes.

Prevention
The ring which is indistinctly recorded in a piston flute will jump out of it during the operation of the engine and will lead to emergency damages.

21. Install a dilator of an oil scraper ring on the piston.
22. Establish piston rings. It is recommended to be done by a special stripper. If it is absent, install rings on the piston, having accurately parted locks of rings.
23. Order of installation of rings: establish by the first an oil scraper ring (the lock of a ring has to be from the opposite side from the lock of a razzhimny spring), then the lower compression ring, to the last — top compression.
24. Pay attention that on rings the inscription "GOE" or "TOP" can be beaten out. Rings should be established by this inscription up (to the piston bottom).
25. Having turned rings in piston flutes, be convinced that they easily rotate. If any ring is not turned or jams, it needs to be replaced.
26. Develop rings on the piston so that their locks were located at an angle 120 ° to each other.
27. Carefully wipe with a pure rag conrod necks of a bent shaft.
28. Carefully wipe with a pure rag of a mirror of cylinders and oil them engine.
29. Insert an insert into a rod according to earlier made tags so that the short mustache of an insert entered a pro-point in a rod. After that oil an insert and the piston engine.
30. Put on the piston a special mandrel for compression of piston rings and accurately lower a rod in the cylinder. It is recommended to turn previously a bent shaft so that his conrod neck on which mount conrod and piston group was established in NMT. The arrow has to be directed to the bottom of the piston to a forward part of the engine (towards the camshaft drive).
31. Densely press a mandrel to the block and the handle of the hammer push the piston in the cylinder. If the mandrel leaky adjoins to the block of cylinders, it is possible to break piston rings.
32. Establish the lower head of a rod on a neck of a bent shaft.
33. Insert an insert into a rod cover according to earlier made tags so that the short mustache of an insert entered a pro-point in a cover. After that oil an insert engine.
34. Establish a rod cover. Marking of a rod on a cover and the lower head of a rod have to be on the one hand.
35. Wrap bolts of fastening of a cover and tighten the required moment (see the appendix 1). In the same way install also other pistons.
36. Establish an oil receiver and wrap three bolts of its fastening.
37. Apply an anaerobic clamp of a carving on bolts of fastening of a flywheel. Establish a flywheel, a lock plate and wrap bolts of fastening of a flywheel (see. "Removal, installation and troubleshooting of a flywheel").
38. For convenience of installation apply a thin film of jellied lubricant on the surface of the block and "paste" to it laying of an oil case.
39. Establish an oil case and wrap bolts of its fastening (see the appendix 1). Further collect the engine upside-down. Installation of a head of the block is described in the subsection "Replacement of Laying of a Head of the Block of Cylinders", a camshaft drive belt — in the subsection "Replacement of a Belt of the Drive of the Gas-distributing Mechanism and Tension Roller".